Parkinson’s Research: Update on Apathy
Lizabeth Jordan and Drs. Bowers, Okun and Zahodne recently published their research into apathy in Parkinson’s disease.
Over time many individuals with Parkinson disease seem to lose their “get up and go” and become increasingly apathetic. Some have wondered whether this apathy is related to an inability to “experience” pleasure. Or, whether apathy reduces the desire to seek out pleasurable activities. This study found it was the latter. In fact, once engaged in pleasurable activities, patients with Parkinson disease and apathy appear to fully enjoy them. Take home message: Include some structured plans for pleasurable events. And, do them.
Many individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD) experience apathy independent of depression.
In this study, we examined hedonic and behavioral deficits related to apathy in 50 patients with PD and 42 healthy older adults who completed standardized measures.
Regression analyses revealed that apathy was associated with anticipatory, but not consummatory, anhedonia and reduced goal-directed behavior, independent of PD diagnosis, age, education, and depressive symptoms.
These findings suggest that apathy is characterized by deficits in anticipatory pleasure and behavioral drive rather than consummatory pleasure or reward responsiveness. Therefore, PD patients with apathy would likely benefit from psychotherapeutic treatment that encourages structured, goal-directed plans for pleasurable events and stimulation that provide adaptive hedonic effects. In addition, given the proposed shared mechanism of dopamine depletion within the ventral striatum in apathy and anticipatory anhedonia, future trials of dopamine-eliciting activities (eg, exercise and other nonpharmacologic methods) appear to be warranted to improve these symptoms in patients with PD. © 2013 Movement Disorder Society.